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 Types Of Facilities
Home Care

Home Care is when the client is able to remain in his/her own home and have health-care professionals come to their home to care for them. There are two kinds of care that a person may need – skilled care or non-skilled care.

For skilled care, you need a licensed home health care agency. For non-skilled care, you can either use a licensed home health agency or a non-licensed agency that provides personal care and homemaker services.

Residental Care

Skilled Nursing Facility

This is not an acute care hospital, however, there are skilled professionals on staff that perform the skilled care needed and will monitor, educate and rehabilitate the patient. Frequently the patient is able to return to his or her own home environment. Most insurance will pay for this type of care if the qualifications for skilled care are met.

Locked Alzheimer Board and Care

This facility is for patients with mental deficits that have a tendency to wander and need special care. They occupy their own private room or with a roommate. There is a communal dining room and planned activities. They have caregivers who watch them assist with feeding, ambulation, personal hygiene, dressing and their medications.

Large Board and Care Facilities

This facility are for people who need assistance but can perform some care for themselves. They also have a private room or a roommate. They eat in a communal dining room or can leave with family members for meals or activities. There are no skilled nursing services provided by the facility unless home health agencies send the nursing professinal over.

Small Board and Care Facilities

These are houses in a residential area. There are generally 4-6 clients in each house. This environment is run more like a private home. The clients eat in the dining room together at the dining room table. They sit in the yard or watch TV in the living room. The care here is more intimate since it is a smaller setting. All medication is given to them. Again, no skilled nursing care is provided by the facility unless it is provided by home health agencies.

Senior Residences

These are apartments or studios in a large building. A client or couple lives in their own private unit. There are planned activities and community busses for their trips to the grocery, church, doctor's office or park. They have the option of eating in the communal dining room or in their own apartment. They can have maid service, laundry service, shower assistance, etc. The clients here are responsible for their own medication.

Assisted Living

This type of environment is located generally in a senior residence. Higher level of care is provided, such as assistance with personal hygiene, ambulating, taking their medication and housekeeping. The clients here must be able to care for themselves with assistance and cannot be bed-bound.